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بــسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

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وَمَثَلُ الَّذِينَ يُنفِقُونَ أَمْوَالَهُمُ ابْتِغَاءَ مَرْضَاتِ اللَّهِ وَتَثْبِيتًا مِّنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ كَمَثَلِ جَنَّةٍ بِرَبْوَةٍ

أَصَابَهَا وَابِلٌ فَآتَتْ أُكُلَهَا ضِعْفَيْنِ فَإِن لَّمْ يُصِبْهَا وَابِلٌ فَطَلٌّ ۗ وَاللَّهُ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ

And the likeness of those who spend their substance, seeking to please Allah and to strengthen their souls, is as a garden, high and fertile: heavy rain falls on it but makes it yield a double increase of harvest, and if it receives not Heavy rain, light moisture sufficeth it. Allah seeth well whatever ye do.

Surat Al-Baqarah 265

Sadaqah or voluntary charity is a virtuous deed in Islam.   In fact, it is considered as a proof of one’s eeman (faith).  The Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (s.a.w) said in the following authentic hadeeth:

Abu Malik al-Ashari, radhi Allahu anhu (r.a) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w) said:  “Cleanliness is half of faith.  Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fills the scale. Subhan Allah (Glory be to Allah) and Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah) fill up what is between the heavens and the earth.  Prayer is a light. Charity is proof (of one’s faith).   Patience is a brightness and Al-Qur‘an is a proof on your behalf or against you. All men go out early in the morning and sell themselves, thereby setting themselves free or destroying themselves.”  [Muslim, 432]

The more we offer sadaqah the more we increase our eeman and thus, expect Allah’s rewards both in this world and in the life hereafter.  Giving charity out of our wealth does not decrease our wealth but instead Allah (s.w.t) increases it:

“Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, but will give increase for deeds of charity: for He loves not creatures ungrateful and sinner.”  [Al-Baqarah, 2: 276]

“That which you give in usury for increase through the property of (other) people, will have no increase with Allah: but that which you give for charity, seeking the Countenance of Allah, (will increase); it is those who will get a recompense multiplied.” [Al-Rum, 30:39]

Abu Hurairah (r.a.) reported Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w) as saying: “Charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives, Allah adds to his respect; and the one who shows humility, Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people).”  [Muslim Vol. 4, Hadith 6264]

Sadaqah is not restricted to giving part of our wealth or material possessions or any special deed of righteousness.  Islam considers all good deeds as sadaqah that would increase our eeman:

Abu Musa narrated that the Prophet (s.a.w) said, “Every Muslim has to offer in sadaqah (charity).” The people asked, “O Allah’s Messenger (s.a.w)! If someone has nothing to give, what will he do?” He said, “He should work with his hands and benefit himself and also give in charity (from what he earns).” The people further asked, “If he cannot do even that?” He replied, “Then he should help the needy who appeal for help.” Then the people asked, “If he cannot do that?” He replied, “Then he should perform all that is good and keep away from all that is evil and this will be regarded as charitable deeds.” [Bukhari Vol.  2, Hadith 524]

The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: “To smile in the company of your brother is charity.  To command to do good deeds and to prevent others from doing evil is charity.  To guide a person in a place where he cannot get astray is charity.  To remove troublesome things like thorns and bones from the road is charity.  To pour water from your jug into the jug of your brother is charity.  To guide a person with defective vision is charity for you.” [Bukhari]